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FIELD REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 103-108

Psychological first aid for children during the Kumamoto earthquake disaster response in Japan


1 BA, Save the Children, Japan
2 MD, PhD, Clinical Research Institute at the National Disaster Medical Centre, Disaster Medical Assistance Team Secretariat, Disaster Psychiatric Assistance Team Secretariat, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Miyuki Akasaka
Save the Children Japan, 2-8-4-4F Uchikanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0047
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INTV.INTV_3_18

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The following field report is based on lessons learned from the adaptation and utilisation of the Psychological First Aid for Child Practitioners (Save the Children, 2013) materials in Japan. Psychological first aid (PFA) is a set of skills and competencies that help reduce the initial distress of children and caregivers due to accidents, natural disasters, conflicts or other critical incidents. The manual was developed by Save the Children based on Psychological First Aid: A Guide for Field Workers (World Health Organization, War Trauma Foundation and World Vision International, 2011). National capacity-building in PFA was focused in Japan on mental health professionals and emergency responders to enhance mental health and psyschosocial support in times of disaster. In April 2016, during the Kumamoto earthquake, emergency disaster responders in Japan learned PFA and worked at child friendly spaces for children and caregivers.


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