Intervention

FIELD REPORT
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 243--248

The efficacy of memory specificity training in improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in bereaved Afghan adolescents


Sayed Jafar Ahmadi1, Mohammad Bagher Kajbaf2, Hamid Taher Neshat Doost2, Tim Dalgleish3, Laura Jobson4, Zeinab Mosavi5 
1 PhD, Department of Counseling, Shaheed Rabbani Education University, Kabul, Afghanistan
2 PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
4 Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge; University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
5 MA, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Sayed Jafar Ahmadi
Department of Counseling, Shaheed Rabbani Education University, Kabul
Afghanistan

The main objective of this study was to study the effectiveness of memory specificity training (MEST) on the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of bereaved Afghan adolescents. Participants were bereaved Afghan adolescents with PTSD and depressive symptomatology and were randomly assigned into the MEST, trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TF-CBT) and a control group. In this study, a quasi-experimental design with pretest–post-test and follow-up with experimental and control groups was used. The instruments used were the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Persian versions of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, clinical interview and demographic questionnaire. Post-intervention, the MEST and TF-CBT groups had significantly lower levels of PTSD symptoms compared with the control group. There was no significant difference between the MEST and TF-CBT groups. These effects were maintained at 12 weeks. Post-intervention, the MEST and TF-CBT groups also had significantly lower levels of depression symptoms compared with the control group.The findings of this small pilot study suggest that MEST is a promising intervention for the treatment of PTSD and a larger randomized controlled trial is warranted.


How to cite this article:
Ahmadi SJ, Kajbaf MB, Neshat Doost HT, Dalgleish T, Jobson L, Mosavi Z. The efficacy of memory specificity training in improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in bereaved Afghan adolescents.Intervention 2018;16:243-248


How to cite this URL:
Ahmadi SJ, Kajbaf MB, Neshat Doost HT, Dalgleish T, Jobson L, Mosavi Z. The efficacy of memory specificity training in improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in bereaved Afghan adolescents. Intervention [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Oct 20 ];16:243-248
Available from: http://www.interventionjournal.org/article.asp?issn=1571-8883;year=2018;volume=16;issue=3;spage=243;epage=248;aulast=Ahmadi;type=0