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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-77

Psychological first aid through the ‘SIX Cs model’ − an intervention with migrants on the move

1 Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacokinetics, The Free University of Brussels (VUB), Brussels Belgium; The Israeli School of Humanitarian Action, Tel Aviv; Tel-Hai College, Qiryat Shemona, Israel
2 Tel-Hai College, Qiryat Shemona; The Israeli School of Humanitarian Action, Tel Aviv; NATAN (NGO), Tel Aviv, Israel
3 NATAN (NGO), Tel Aviv; The Israeli School of Humanitarian Action, Tel Aviv, Israel; SCALab, Lille3 University, Lille, France
4 NATAN (NGO), Tel Aviv; Department of Social Work, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel

Correspondence Address:
PhD Candidate, MPH Einav Levy
Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacokinetics, The Free University of Brussels (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INTV.INTV_51_18

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Thousands of migrants passed through the Balkans whilst migrating from the Middle East to Europe between 2015 and 2016. Humanitarian actions were conducted throughout this route as agencies and governments provided support. The Camp of Preševo, on the Southern border of Serbia, was established by the local authorities as a registration camp to monitor the migration and deliver aid. Part of this aid was psychosocial. Past studies show a relatively high prevalence of stress symptoms among forced migrants, presumably due to exposure to war-related atrocities and experience of forced migration. NATAN, an Israeli non-governmental organisation, is a volunteer-based organisation that delivered psychosocial support to the migrants using the ‘SIX Cs model’. This model focuses on cognitive and behavioural components and is based on the neuropsychology of resilience. It has advantages that were relevant to the context of the camp, namely culturally adaptive, easy to administer, short and adjustable to varied contexts. Moreover, the model gives tools, which could be used later by the migrants in the absence of a therapist. This report describes the SIX Cs model and the implementation of its intervention in the Preševo camp.

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